Pharyngitis is caused by inflammatory processes of pharynx. The disease is often caused by bacteria such as streptococcus and pneumococcus, viruses, and various infectious diseases. Pharyngitis can be acute or chronic.
Pharynx is a part of the throat between the tonsils and vocal cords in the larynx. Acute inflammation of the pharynx is a consequence of bacterial and viral infections. The only difference is that the pharyngitis is usually easier disease than tonsillitis, and some medical experts call both diseases simply “an acute sore throat.” Persistent infection (chronic pharyngitis) occurs when a chronic infection of adjacent organs – usually the respiratory system, sinuses or mouth – spread into the pharynx. However, pharyngitis may be caused by irritation and inflammation of the throat without infection – for example, cigarette smoke, alcohol or excessive use of voice.
Acute Pharyngitis (pharyngitis acuta) rarely occurs in isolation, independently, but within inflammatory diseases of the nasal mucosa and sinuses, oral cavity and tonsils, most commonly as an additional symptom in the majority of infectious diseases. Causes of pharyngitis are viruses (adenovirus, rhinovirus) and bacteria (streptococcus, pneumococcus, haemophilus). This can be conditioned by a local trauma. It is more common during cool, wet weather and in those people with weakened immunity.
Symptoms for chronic pharyngitis do not last permanently, chronically, they also have periods of remission and exacerbation, name pharyngopathy is considered to be more appropriate for them.
Symptoms of Pharyngitis
The main and basic symptom is a dysphagia discomfort, often accompanied by cough. Dysphagia, or difficulties in swallowing has its own gradation and go from painful sensations of different degrees, to feeling the presence of a foreign body, suffocation and tightness in the throat. The pain can manifest itself as a light inconvenience, dry sense of tension and the tightening of the throat mucosa and then it goes over to itching, burning, burning and pain worsening which is especially pronounced during the intake of solid food.
Cough is also a common and a persistent symptom of pharyngitis. It may be different in character (dry, wet, short-term, persistent, and offensive). Swelling and mucosal inflammation, its constant irritation increased secretions from the nose and epipharynx, as well as inadequate intake of food, beverages, medicines, cause the cough to manifest and maintain itself further on.
Instilment in the nose of drugs that reduce swelling is useful therapy as well as taking antiseptics. balms for inhalation are also used. In more severe cases treatment with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory preparations involved.
During the period of treatment one should avoid smoking and alcoholic beverages, which may worsen the patient’s condition or diminish the effectiveness of therapy. It is recommended to drink hot tea, gargle menthol and avoid contact with persons who have some other viruses.