Laryngitis, inflammation of the larynx, usually occurs in the inflammatory airways and less isolated. Acute laryngitis may be a part of a generalized infection of the respiratory tract or a localized mucosal changes of the larynx. Laryngitis symptoms include hoarseness, pressure in the throat, mild pain, cough, less shortness of breath, fatigue and fever. Examination establishes symmetrical redness of vocal cords with sticky secretions between them. Inflammation may subside after a few days while hoarseness may take longer, even two to three weeks.
Acute inflammation of the pharynx rarely occurs in isolation; mostly it occurs as a part of the inflammatory disease of the nasal mucosa and sinuses, oral cavity and tonsils, most commonly as accompanying symptom of in the majority of infectious diseases. Pathogens are viruses (adenovirus, rhinoviruses) and bacteria (streptococcus, pneumococcus, haemophilus). Mild forms of this condition include: dryness, pain, enlargement of cervical lymph nodes, fever, while the swollen mucous membranes is infiltrated. In severe forms, there are: high fever, and expressed general and local symptoms, a swelling of soft palate and uvula, facial redness and paleness around the lips.
Most forms of pharyngitis go by itself, and treatment of lozenges and herbal preparations speeds up recovery and helps eliminate problems. But for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis and scarlet fever, antibiotics should be used.
Acute diseases of the tonsils are described as acute tonsillitis or angina, and can occur independently, in isolation or as part of other inflammatory diseases of the nasal mucosa, oral cavity and pharynx. Very often they are in the clinical feature of some infectious disease and some systemic diseases. As most often causes of the disease are various families of streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, adenoviruses, mycosis, etc.
With viral tonsillitis the treatment is the same as with viral pharyngitis – Herbal preparations based on Alfi, or lozenges, and with bacterial tonsillitis, especially when the cause of it is beta hemolytic streptococcus group A it is reasonable to to take antibiotics.
Therapeutic lozenges are sufficient in the treatment of laryngitis with antiseptics or herbal preparations. If laryngitispersists or the symptoms do not withdraw it could be a sign of a serious infection.
Treatment of inflammation of the pharynx lining and throat starts with antiseptics such as sage, antiseptic liquids with Chlorhexidine or iodine, and medicinal lozenges with antiseptics. Because cough is a very common symptom of sore throat, it can be alleviated with a variety of teas and syrups based on plants like white mallow, Malva silvestris, Iceland moss and others. Antibiotic treatment should be avoided as often as possible and taken only when the infection was derived from streptococcal because taking antibiotics when they are not needed is extremely counterproductive and can lead to the development of resistant forms of bacteria which are very difficult to treat.