Acute laryngitis or pseudocroup is an acute inflammation of the larynx ie larynx along with the subglottic structure with a particularly characteristic clinical course, with sudden, dramatic beginning because of accompanying laryngeal muscle convulsion, otherwise of benign course.
Acute inflammation of the laryngeal mucosa caused by bacterial or viral infections can occur in isolation or combined with acute riniti, faringit and trachea. It can also occur during influenza, measles or diphtheria, or as a result of inhalation of irritant gases. With the examination of the larynx hyperemia and mucosal edema, exudate with or without it can be seen. Inflammation can spread through the trachea to the bronchi and lungs. If rupture of small blood vessels due to cough occurs discrete hemoptysis can be noticed.
The typical age of children suffering from laryngitis, is between 6 months and 4 years, and usually ian epidemic occurs in spring and autumn months. Laryngitis appears 2-4 times more common in boys.
Acute Laryngitis Causes
Causes of acute laryngitis are respiratory viruses.
With the emergence of viral infection in clinical feature a significant role has a constitutional factor of the child, because in the same epidemic, only some children will suffer from acute laryngitis. This is corroborated by the observation that this disease occurs several times with the same child during the first few years of life, with different respiratory virus infections.
Symptoms of Acute Laryngitis
In some children the disease is preceded by a mild cold, runny nose, sometimes a moderate fever. In most cases, the disease begins abruptly, so to speak, from solid health. Usually at night, while the child is sleeping peacefully, than few hours later he or she became restless due to loud, heavy breathing with a hoarse cough, like a barking dog. When he or she wakes up, he or she is frightened with a hoarse voice, grips for air and has a hard cough.
With Examination a slight cold is found, perhaps a slightly red throat with normal or mildly elevated body temperature. After a rapid start, the symptoms of asphyxiation are lost for several hours, but the child is hoarse for several days with occasional cough like a barking dog.
Acute Laryngitis Treatment
Treatment of acute laryngitis requires primarily calming down the environment of patients accompanied by a brief explanation of the benign nature of the disease, despite the dramatic clinical feature. Inhalation therapy, inhalation of moist oxygen and other necessary measures depend on the general condition of the child in the domain of the pediatrician.
With acute laryngitis it is usually recommended to take vitamin C with calcium.
It is important to know that this disease is of benign course. First aid kit in the house can provide a child residing in a steamy bathroom, and it is necessary to seek help of the pediatrician as soon as possible.
Acute Laryngitis Foods
Food should be neither too hot nor too cold, but lukewarm. Also, be aware that it is not very spicy. Besides tea, drink well tempered almost lukewarm water.